Objectives Of Tax

Tax is permanent instrument for collecting revenues. It is a major source of revenue in the developed world and has been appearing as an important source of revenue in the developing world as well. It has been an instrument of social and economic policy for the government. The main objectives of tax are as follows:

1. Raise More Revenue
The fundamental objective of taxation is to finance government expenditure. The government requires carrying out various development and welfare activities in the country. For this, it needs a huge amount of funds. The government collects funds by imposing taxes. So, raising more and more revenues has been an important objective of tax.

2. Prevent Concentration Of Wealth In A Few Hands
Tax is imposed on persons according to their income level. High earners are imposed on high tax through progressive tax system. This prevents wealth being concentrated in a few hands of the rich. So, narrowing the gap between rich and poor is another objective of tax.

3. Redistribute Wealth For Common Good
Tax collected by the government is expended for carrying out various welfare activities. In this way, the wealth of the rich is redistributed to the whole community.

4. Boost Up The Economy
Tax serves as an instrument for promoting economic growth, stability and efficiency. The government controls or expands the economic activities of the country by providing various concessions, rebates and other facilities. The effective tax system can boost up the economy. Similarly, taxes can correct for externalities and other forms of market failure (such as monopoly). Import taxes may control imports and therefore help the country's international balance of payments and protect industries from overseas competition.

5. Reduce Unemployment
The government can reduce the unemployment problem in the country by promoting various employment generating activities. Industries established in remote parts or industries providing more employment are given more facilities. As a result, the unemployment problem can be reduced to a great extent through liberal tax policy.

6. Remove Regional Disparities
Regional disparity has been a chronic problem to the developing countries. Tax is one of the ways through which regional disparities can be minimized. The government provides tax exemptions or concessions for industries established or activities carried out in backward areas. This will help increase economic activities in those areas and ultimately regional disparity reduces to minimum.

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