Concept And Meaning Of Verification And Valuation Of Assets And liabilities
Concept And Meaning Of Verification
Verification means proving the correctness. One of the main work's of auditor is verification of assets and liabilities. Verification is the act of assuring the correctness of value of assets and liabilities, title and their existence in the organization. An auditor should be satisfied himself about the actual existence of assets and liabilities appearing in the balance sheet is correct. If balance sheet incorporates the incorrect assets, both profit and loss account and balance sheet do not present true and fair views.
Thus, verification means to confirm the truth or accuracy and to substantiate. It is a process by which the auditor satisfies himself not only about the actual existence, possession, ownership and the basis of valuation but also ensures that the assets are free from any charge. While verifying the assets, an auditor should consider the following points:
* Ensuring the existence of assets.
* Acquiring the assets for business.
* Ensuring the proper valuation of assets.
* Ensuring that the assets are free from any charge.
Concept And Meaning Of Valuation
Valuation is the act of determining the value of assets and critical examination of these values on the basis of normally accepted accounting standard. Valuation of assets is to be made by the authorized officer and the duty of auditor is to see whether they have been properly valued or not. For ensuring the proper valuation, auditor should obtain the certificates of professionals, approved values and other competent persons. Auditor can rely upon the valuation of concerned officer but it must be clearly stated in the report because an auditor is not a technical person.
An auditor should consider the following points regarding the assets while making valuation off assets:
* Original cost
* Expected working life
* Wear and tear
* Scrap value